Win95-L Windows95 FAQ (archived)*


For current Windows 9x information and help, I suggest  searching the archives of:

WIN95-L  http://PEACH.EASE.LSOFT.COM/archives/win95-l.htmlWindows 95 Give-And-Take List
WIN98-L   http://PEACH.EASE.LSOFT.COM/archives/win98-l.htmlWindows 98 Give-And-Take List
WINNT-L   http://PEACH.EASE.LSOFT.COM/archives/winnt-l.htmlWindows NT Discussion List

 Please read this Microsoft ® Windows ® 95 (win95) Frequently Asked Questions before posting messages to news groups or mail lists like Win95-L. Many answers are already contained in this document. An Ascii Text and a Html version of this FAQ is available at the Html version is mirrored at

 Viewing this with a World Wide Web browser ... then, enjoy the links ... to the moon and back.

win95-L Windows95 FAQ version 5.1 (questions = 74)

This is a list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about ms-windows95 (also called win95). Since the product is still very new, please consider the following answers as SUGGESTIONS based on what has worked for others. These questions and answers were compiled from responses to news group posts and from the two mailing lists forums: WIN95-L, a general discussion group and WIN95-NET, a networking issues group.

Topics discussed in this win95 FAQ are:

  • Introduction
  • Overview, this FAQ's command conventions and abbreviations.
  • How to submit comments and corrections for this FAQ

  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Disclaimer
  • Copyright Notice
  • About FAQ's

  • Introduction

    a. Overview, Command conventions and Abbreviations

    WINDOWS® 95 uses a point and click command method (a mouse) for most actions. Programs, files, hardware devices (i.e. cd-rom) and documents are arranged and accessed using a desktop and filing cabinet analogy.

    Each icon on the desktop (your computer system) is in a folder (directory) and/or file (document). Together, these icons, hardware devices, folders and files can be called OBJECTS.

    These OBJECTS can be moved, copied, opened, etc. using the point & click of a mouse. This method of running programs and using the computer is called GUI or Graphical User Interface.

     The main win95 screen is called the DESKTOP. On the desktop are folders, files and other regularly used OBJECTS. These include:

            EXPLORER -------> (win3.x = File Manager)
            MY COMPUTER -----> (win3.x = Program Manager)
            MSN ----------> Micro$oft Network
             NETWORK NEIGHBORHOOD ------->  (shared workgroup access)
            RECYCLE BIN ------>  Drag and Drop  'Delete'
             START button ------------> Taskbar

    Open one of these 'File Cabinets' and one will find Folders or what windows ® 3.x called Program Groups. The FOLDERS (directories) may have more folders, TABS ('option screens') or Documents (Files). The primary conventions used in this FAQ to indicate how to perform an action -- is to list the order in which you do each step by using that OBJECT (actions and items) separated by backward slash. (\). For example, to find the windows3.x StartUp program group, now called the StartUp folder:

    START \ Program \ Startup folder

    Any text that must be typed in by you will be indicated as

    {type text here (and what's needed)}


    For instance to search for a file:

    START \ Find \ {enter file name} \ Find Now


    Additional, explanatory notes or details may be shown next the command and will be usually enclosed in parentheses ().

    b. How to submit comments and corrections for this FAQ

    Send email to rymabry@MO.NET and please put the word, Suggestion or Correction, in the Subject line.


    1. My old windows3.x (Internet 16- bit winsock) program no longer works?

    The Windows95 32-bit winsock should run everything your previous winsock (like trumpet or chameleon) did. When used with the Microsoft® tcp/ip Dial-Up Adapter or another 32bit tcp/ip protocol, you can run 32bit programs (called Internet clients) like Netscape Navigator. Make sure you only have one winsock installed as some programs may become confused and thus not work properly. You can verify the number of winsocks on your computer by using the win95 FIND command:

    START taskbar \ Find winsock \ Find Now


    If you still have an old winsock.dll on your system, rename it or delete it. You may then need to reboot (depending on whether or not you have attempted winsock usage during the current session). With the win95, most Internet (winsock) apps work just fine -- (many work better than before). However, Trumpet's winsock does seem to have difficulty with the 32bit Internet applications. This FAQ includes specific Windows95 TCP/IP setup & Dial-Up Adapter Instructions and links to other sources of help for tcp/ip (PPP & SLIP). Some Internet programs like NFS or PING may not work at all because they are not true tcp/ip winsock applications.

    2. My new win95 (Internet 32-bit winsock) program does not work?

    All 32bit Internet programs require a 32bit winsock.dll AND 32bit winsock (TCP/IP stack) PROTOCOL. Both Win95 and WinNT's winsocks are called WSOCK32.DLL. The WSOCK32.DLL is a 32-bit stack just like WINSOCK.DLL is a 16-bit stack for windows3.x. PPP and SLIP use the win95's DIAL-UP ADAPTER for the PPP and SLIP protocols required to complete the connection to the Internet. See questions 3.1 (PPP) and 3.2 (SLIP) for instructions on installing win95's dial-up adapter.

    3. How to set up tcp/ip PPP connection?

    SUMMARY: establishing a WIN95 Dial-Up Network Connection to the Internet:

     1. Install win95 software (called the Dial-Up Adapter).

     2. Configure the win95 Dial-Up Adapter.

     3. Configure the win95 Dial-Up Connection

     4. Once the dial-up adapter is installed, you can also review the document "Dialing up the Internet with Windows® 95" located in the folder Dial-Up Networking (click on the MyComputer icon).

    DETAILED tcp/ip PPP Instructions

    Install win95 Dial-Up Adapter programs: \MyComputer \ Control Panel\ Add-Remove Programs \Windows Setup tab \ Communications tab \Dial-Up Networking option (must be checked) then follow the instructions on the screen

     MyComputer \ Control Panel \ Network \Configuration tab (If the TCP/IP option is not displayed, then install it: Configuration tab \ ADD \ Protocol \ ADD \ Microsoft \ TCP\IP \ Configure TCP/IP protocol dial-up adapter

     Configuration tab \TCP/IP dial-up adapter \ PROPERTIES \ DNS Configuration \ Enable DNS (check option \ "Host" (enter any name) \ "Domain" (enter your Internet provider's Domain Name) \ "DNS Server Search Order" (enter your Internet provider's address i.e. \ ADD \ "Domain Suffix Search Order" (enter your Internet provider's domain name \ ADD \ IP ADDRESS tab

     Most users will do the following: "Obtain Address from DHCP Server" (check this option) \ If you have a "FIXED IP" address -- then you will enter your IP address and Subnet mask, instead. \ OK \ CLOSE (Network) \ CLOSE (control panel)

     Configure the Dial Up Connection: MyComputer \ Dial-Up Networking \ Make a New Connection (then follow the instructions of the "make a new connection" Wizard -- for most users, all that will have to be entered is your InternetProvider's Name and the Access phone number \The "make new connection" Wizard will create an ICON to use.\ Select this icon \RIGHT mouse click \ PROPERTIES \Server Type \For most users, select the following options: "Type of Server" PPP \ ADVANCED tab \ choose Software Compression \ "Allowed Protocols" TCP \ OK

     Connecting to the Internet: MyComputer \ Dial-Up Networking \ connection ICON \ User Name \ password \ SAVE \ Connect \When connected, a terminal screen will appear, most users will enter UserName, Password, P (for PPP or "S" for slip) \ CONTINUE button (or <F7 key>) when the win95 dialog button indicates you are successfully logged in press MINIMIZE \ Start your Internet access programs.

    4. How to set up a SLIP connection?

    Setting up SLIP: My Computer\Control\Add.Remove Programs\Have Disk \ Browse\Choose your CD drive letter \Admin\apptools\slip. (Or diskette with Rnaplus.inf file on it). Highlight the Rnaplus.inf file. Hit OK until you see a program selection for the UNIX (Yes UNIX!!) Connection For Dial-Up Networking. Check the box and hit install. Hit OK to return to the control panel.WIN '95 Setting up properties for SLIP


     My Computer\Control Panel\Network\Network Properties\ Under Network\Under Network Components \ Install the following Client---Microsoft: \ Client for Microsoft Networks Adapter---Microsoft: Dial up Adapter \ Protocol---Microsoft: \ TCP/IP Remove any other Clients, Adapters and Protocols, \ they are not needed.\ Primary Network Logon: Windows Logon\ File and Print Sharing: Leave alone \

     Configure Network: ================

     Highlight Client for Microsoft Networks\Properties \ Under Logon validation: \ Uncheck Log on to Windows NT Domain \ Under Network Logon options:\ Select Quick Logon \OK \ Highlight Microsoft Dial-Up Adapter and hit Properties: \ Driver: Enhanced Mode \ Bindings: Microsoft TCP/IP, \ Advanced: Leave it alone \OK \ Highlight Microsoft TCP/IP and hit Properties:\ Bindings:\ Client for Microsoft Networks \ WINS Configuration: Disable \ IP Address: your IP address \ ( something) \ MASK: none or your mask (either will work) \ DNS Configurations: Enable DNS:\ Host: Your Providers name\ Domain: Your \ DNS Server Search Order: (Enter your DNS Here) \ ADD \ Select Gateway \ New Gateway: NONE \ ADD \ Advanced: Check off the box \ OK \ Check off the box \ IDENTIFICATION PAGE: Just fill it in (no use for SLIP) \ ACCESS CONTROL PAGE\Share-Level Access Control\Network Popup \ If you are just installing for the first time, it will copy more files to your hard drive. It will prompt you to re-boot. You must do that at this time. \ WIN '95 Connection Configuration for SLIP \


     My Computer\Dial-up Networking\Make New Connection \ Enter definitive name for the computer; Configure modem if needed \ NEXT\local telephone number\NEXT\FINISH \It will tell you that you are finished.... Not really but close.

     Now your connection appear as an icon in the Dial Up Networking folder \ click RIGHT Mouse button\Properties\Configure\General\ Configure modem: \ ================= For Maximum Speed, select 38400 for a 14.4 modem or 115200 for a 28.8.\ Connection\Select desired properties, the defaults should be fine \ Advanced\select Use error control|Compress Data and flow control|Hardware \ \OK \ OK

     IMPORTANT!!! configure your server type to SLIP \(Yes, It was those options that you configured when you added the \ RNAPLUS.INF file. Can you believe it?) \ For easy access, click the Connection's ICON and drag to desktop \Double click on ICON, when terminal pops up login to your server \ and hit F7 (CONTINUE)

    5. Eliminate errors when booting up?

    Errors 6102 on bootup: I am getting this message every time I boot up: "Error occurred while loading device: VNETSUP: Error 6102. The string specified by the Workgroup keyword in the registry is too short."

     Answer: Seen this before, you need to specify a workgroup in the Control Panel /network icon/identification tab. It doesn't matter what it says (mine says "none") but it needs to have something there.

     VxD vmm Has anyone experienced a consistent fatal error in the final beta with the following message:>

     A fatal error 0E has occurred in moduleVxD Vmm . . .>occurring @ various memory addresses. The unit gets this message quite frequently (every 1-2 min. w/ normal use).I can clear the error about 3-4 times before the screen no longer refreshes, and I am forced to reset. I have gone through the system properties looking for irq & dma conflicts finding none. I am suspecting a chipset argument among the hardware components.

     Answer: I know a good challenge when I see it...found the answer to this one in the win.ini of all places. Remember that file which is only included for backwards comparability? Under the section [colors] the line "graytext=" sets the colors for disabled text. I use a gray menu so my entries are Menu=192 192 192 GrayText=128 128 128

     My guess is that yours both read the same numbers. Try this and see if this points to any thing that will help. Go to Help and use the search to vmm32, in window 3 click on Troubleshooting Specific Startup Errors, and Verifying the Installation.

    6. TCP/IP Troubleshooting Diagnostics Program?

    There's a program in the C:\WINDOWS directory that I've often seen but never clicked on. Turns out it's rather useful for diagnosing DNS and IP address problems.The program is called WINIPCFG.EXE, and is a really cool little thing. It gives a pull-down list box of your various IP interfaces, including PPP, and their respective information. Even has checkboxes for IP Routing, which implies that Win95 should be able to do this, just like NT. Click the "More Info" box and find yourself bedazzled by swaths of information. (Most of which is for DHCP, and useless for most dial-up users, but hey, it's there.) Doesn't look like you can /change/ it from here, though, unless you're running DHCP. ---Xiphias

    7. After install, files that may be manually delete?

    Files '95 won't Terminal is now replaced by Hyperterminal, do you still need Terminal cluttering up your HD? Files '95 deletes only if you install new Map is also offered by '95 if you specified it replaced. If you don't use Character Map do you need this type of file on your HD? Features isn't included with '95, so it doesn't delete them, if you don't use these, do you need them?

    Orpahans......HANDLE WITH CARE*****some are key Win3.x system files, follow the orphan procedure, after running Win95 for a month or so...

     1) in MS-DOS mode check each accessed date with DIR /V filename

     *DOS BACKUP: msbackdb.ovl msbackdr.ovl msbacfb.ovl msbackfr.ovl msbackup.exe msbackup.hlp msbackup.ini msbackup,ovl msbackup.rst msbconfg.hlp msbconfg.ovl *DOS ANTIVIRUS: msav.hlp msav.ini msav.exe msavhelp.ovl msavirus.lst *DOSSHELL: dosshell.exe dosshell.grb dosshell.ini dosshel.vid dosshell.hlp dosswap.exe ega.sys *QBASIC: gorilla.bas money.bas nibbles.bas qbasic.exe qbasic.hlp remline.bas *MEMMAKER: chkstate.sys memmaker.exe memmaker.hlp memmaker.inf memmaker.sts sizer.exe *UNDELETE: mwundel.hlp mwundel.exe undelete.exe *INTERLINK: interink.exe intersvr.exe *ORPHAN FILES: appnotes.txt backup.exe dblspace.hlp dblspace.inf dblwin.hlp defrag.hlp doshelp.exe doshelp.exe dossetup.ini drvspace.hlp drvspace.inf help.exe keybrd2.sys recover.exe smartdrv.sys *OTHER DOS not in WIN95: 4201.cpi 4208.cpi 5202.cpi append.exe comp.exe delodos.exe driver.sys edlin.exe exe2bin.exe expand.exe fastopen.exe join.exe icd.cpi monoumb.386 mstools.dll power,exe print.exe printer.sys replace.exe restore.exe setup.exe smartmon.exe smartmon.hlp

     --for other DOS files, after a month check with a dir /v from a dos prompt, if it is blank move to a temp dir (folder), and if you have no problems, 86 them.

     2) if the access date is blank, (hasn't been accessed for the month) then move to a TEMPORARY dir.

     3) if the system runs good for another month you can probably safely delete the files. dates of importance for /windows /windows/system files

    03-10-92 Win3.1 files

     12-31-93 Win3.11

     09-30-92 WFWG3.1

     11-01-93 WFWG3.11


    *Files '95 won't delete*

    FAX- awcas.dll awfaxio.dll dilsched.dll efaxrun.dll faxmgr.exe faxstub.dll keyview.exe netfax.dll awclass1.dll awfxprot.dll efaxdrv.drv fax.cpl faxsnp.dll faxview.exe lineariz.dll sigview.exe awclass2.dll awt30.dlle faxpump.dll faxcover.dll faxopt.dll ifkernel,dll msfax.hlp

     MAIL-- impexp.dll msmail.hlp mail.wri wgpomgr.dll msmail.exe TERMINAL-- terminal.exe terminal.hlp WIN BACKUP-- mwbackf.dll mwbackup.hlp mwbackr.dll vfintd.386 mwbackup.exe

     *Files '95 deletes only with new versions*

     CHAR MAP-- charmap.exe CHAT-- ringin.wav winchat.hlp ringout.wav winchat.exe CLIPBOARD-- clipsrv.exe clipbrd.ini clipbrd.exe clipbrd.hlp HEARTS-- cards.dll mshearts.exe mshearts.hlp MINESWEEP-- winmine.exe winmine.hlp NETWATCH-- netwatch.exe netwatch.hlp NETWORK DDE-- nddeapi.dll nddenb.dll netdde.exe SOLITARE--sol.exe sol.hlp WINDOWS POPUP--winpopup.hlp winpopup.exe

     *Features 86ed from '95 (taken out of win95)*

     WIN ANTIVIRUS-- mwavabsi.dll mwavdrvi.dll mwavmgr.dll mwavtree.dll mwavdlg.dll mvav.exe mwavscan.dll mwavtsr.exe mwavdosi.dll mwav.hlp mwavsos.dll mwgrafic.dll CALENDER-- calendar.exe calendar.hlp CARDFILE-- cardfile.exe cardfile.hlp CLOCK-- clock.exe RECORDER-- recorder.dll recorder.exe recorder.hlp SCHEDULE+-- msremind.exe schdplus.exe trnsched.dll mssched.dll schdplus.hlp schedmsg.dll trnoff.dll

     **Orphan Files**

     ab.dll cpqvga.gr3 glossary.hlp lm21drv.upd mailspl.exe pabnsp.dll rmm.d32 smc8000w.386 tim17521.wpdvddxga.386 vpmtd.386 wfwnetcp.hlp write.hlp cmc.dll demilayr.dll hpeisa.386 mach.3gr mssfs.dll progman.hlp sconfig.dll sound.drv v7vga.3gr vforms.dll wfwaudit.dll win.cnf xga.drv cpqgr3.exe framewrk.dll hpisa.386 mailmgr.dll ncdw.dll rasmac.386 sendfile.dll store.dll vddsvga.386 vga.3gr wfwnet.cpx winfile.hlp

    1.8 TIPS: Install & Re-Install?

    Last week I posted a message (INSTALL: 490=>MSN=>WordPad) about problems I was having with viewing MSN downloaded files . . .(and MS tech support suggestion that I re-install Windows to a separate directory --> possible corrupted system files)

     TIPS Summary --> for those who want to "cut to the chase"


     ... after struggling for almost twelve hours last night and this morning, I learned:

     -- having DOS still "underneath" win95 was a life-saver

     -- having a couple good reference books made the life-saving possible _PC MOM, the MOTHER of ALL PC BOOKS_ (c) 1995 by Leonhard & Simon; _DOS INSIDE & OUT_ (c) 1991 by K.Jamsa; _MULTI-MEDIA & CD-ROMS's for DUMMIES_ (c) 1994 by A.Rathbone; _MORE WINDOWS for DUMMIES_ (c) 1994 by A.Rathbone

     -- if you have a cd-rom, make sure a copy of the DOS program, MSCDEX.EXE, is residing in your c:\DOS directory, so in Step By Step BOOT mode you can run it if DOS won't recognize your cd-rom. (I had to copy it from my original MS-DOS disks)

     After bootup, at the DOS command line, retype the line from your CONFIG.SYS file that references the cd-rom driver, it will look something like this

    c:\utility\cdromDRV.SYS /D:mcd-000 /n:1


    Then run the MS-DOS Load CD-ROM driver program:

    c:\dos\mscdex.exe /D:mcd-000


    -- Pay ATTENTION to what directory win95 tries to install in, it may not be WINDOWS and there is not alert that "are you sure you want to install to a different directory?"

     -- Cannot find HIMEM.SYS ... make sure it is in your WINDOWs directory (you look and it is there), type at the dos prompt SET and the HIMEM.SYS" command line from your CONFIG.SYS file.

    -- "Cannot Load ATMSYS.DRV error means the default system.ini file has been changed, open SYSTEM.INI the RUN command from win95 and make sure of the following in the [BOOT} section;atmsys.drv=system.drv









    - A possible corrupted Registry File (in this case, System.ini) just gets more Corrupted over time

     - A copy of your first successful Windows95 bootup is kept in a file called SYSTEM.1ST; if windows won't allow you to load in normal mode, copy this file to SYSTEM.INI

     -- Cross your fingers (alot) as you work through the SAFE mode boot (and make the Sign of the cross, if your Catholic like me)

     -- Pray!

     ...and for those who want more of GORY details in hopes it will "jog" their memory with a future but related problem back to OUR STORY: Last week ... rymabry@

    9. Copying INSTALL - Configuration to several Pcs?

    Get your hands on the Resource Kit, or wait until the 24th and it'll be on the CD. The kit explains how to set up and configure Setup batch files. This will allow you to set up the same configuration on every computer. ---mycuzvin@


    1. Available USENET news groups?

    Are there any win95 specific USENET news groups?

    Yes, two: Other news groups of interest include:, windows.apps.winsock.mail,,,, windows.misc,,,

    2. Other Internet Resources?

    There are two known Listserv groups (automated email discussion groups) for win95.

    Win95-L "Give & Take" Forum for general discussions and problem solving related to win95 -- this FAQ is an outcome of the groups efforts of users helping users.

     Subscribe: send email to LISTSERV@PEACH.EASE.LSOFT.COM and in the body of the text, write SUBSCRIBE win95-L. If you would like the list in digest form, add the following command SET digest win95-L

    Win95-NET forum discusses networking issues related to win95 Subscribe: send email to LISTSERV@NTB9.CDC.GOV in the body of the letter write SUBSCRIBE Win95-NET

    Also, Micro$oft offers a free email newsletter, WinNews

    Subscribe: send email to in the body of the letter, write SUBSCRIBE WinNews FirstName LastName

    Win95 Websites

    Best Starting Point: QAID (

    QAID. download version at: standalone version is a windows hypertext interface which you can print, export, copy and paste,


    Windows95 Information: QAID Question/Answer/Information/ Database

    The Windows95 Homepage

    The Best Windows95Software

    Windows95Info Page.

    Windows 95 Software Archives

    More PPP Instructions

    More SLIP Instructions

    Windows95 StartUp Page!


    3. HOW DO I ____________ WINDOWS©95

    1. See the available disk space on the hard-drive?

    My Computer\Drive{\Folder or \Folder\File} \RIGHT mouse click \PROPERTIES


     EXPLORER\Drive {\folder, file, etc}\RIGHT Mouse click\Properties

    2. Change, add or delete file associations (file types)?

    MyComputer \ select 'Options' under the 'View' menu \ then the 'File Types' tab

     Then edit any of the associations to your heart's content.


     Here's the 'behind the scenes' scoop: The associations for registered file types are stored in the registry. Say you've associated the file type .XXX with some program. The hard way to remove the association is to run regedit and search for a key '.XXX'. You'll find it pointing to another entry called 'XXX_auto_file'. Delete the '.XXX' key and search for the 'XXX_auto_file' key, which you'll find pointing to the program you used to open the .XXX file. Delete this key also, and the association is gone. However, the registry is dangerous to edit directly unless you know what you're doing. The better, supported method is provided by in the above answer but now you know how the associations are set up in the registry.

    3. Minimize all the windows on the desktop?

    Use your right mouse button to click an empty area on the START taskbar. Select minimize all windows. Also you may open the 'parent folder' from taskbar and close.

    4. Make my desktop look like windows3.x (i.e Program Manager)?

    If you really want to go back to Progman/Fileman as your shell, you can edit system.ini and change the Shell= line to: Shell=progman.exe However, before you do, be aware that FILEMAN (even the Win95 version) does not appear to support long file names. This could be a problem later. However, after you set shell=progman.exe, one can still run EXPLORER and see/use long file names.

    5. Fix a corrupt Registry File (i.e. WIN.INI file)?

    There are two files in your Windows directory, USER.DA0 and SYSTEM.DA0 that are copies of USER.DAT and SYSTEM.DAT which are registry files. Make copies of USER.DAT and SYSTEM.DAT to something like USER.DA_ and SYSTEM.DA_ (for just such an emergency) and rename USER.DA0 and SYSTEM.DA0 to USER.DAT and SYSTEM.DAT respectively. This should restore the system. :-)

    6. Uninstall win95?

    Try the instructions in at < href="file://"><>

    7. Do a windows3.x File Manager "search"?

    START taskbar \ FIND \Files or Folders

    8. Make win95's Explorer look like windows3.x's File Manager?

    To have folders displayed on the tree so that it is unnecessary to click the + ?

     Open Explorer \ pull down VIEW menu \ Select 'List' or 'Details'

     I find 'Details' the most useful because it has Type (i.e Application) and date. Your last configuration will remain until you change it again.

    9. Fix "Specified Pathname is Invalid." errors?

    I have a number of programs which I moved around onto all this great new free space I've got, but when I try to execute them I get "Specified path is invalid".

    You need to re-install the programs. When you had to re-install Windows 95 or moved some of the programs the Registry entries for these programs were lost. The error message is somewhat confusing.

    10. Change Explorer's defaults?

    Default FONT: While playing around with my system I discovered that the min, max, and close buttons in the right of the Title Bar are sized proportionally to the size of the font chosen for the Title Bar. So, if you are using a high res screen setting and are having a hard time accurately hitting the buttons, select a larger Title bar font. This also effects the size of the font in the task bar, allowing you to see more of the application name if you choose a smaller font.

     Right Click Desktop\ Select PROPERTIES \ then APPEARANCE, Item \ ACTIVE TITLE BAR, then choose the font you want -

    TIP: You can change the size of the title bar (and the buttons along with it) independently of the font size. Go back to the properties screen you describe and experiment with changing the size of the 'Item', as opposed to the 'Font'. While it's true that making the font large will increase the size of the title bar, if you just want the buttons bigger, you don't have to make the font bigger.

    Start DIRECTORY: In the properties for the icon for Explorer enter the following:

     EXPLORER.EXE /n,/e,g:\Programs

     This will cause explorer to start in g:\Programs when it comes up.

     > What do the /n and /e do? What other parameters are there? This is from the Windows Resource Kit available on the CD ROM refering to command line switches which you could add to your shortcut. You caHard drive Performancene switches for Windows Explorer in shortcut links or batch files, for example, to run Windows Explorer with a specified file selected

     Syntax explorer [/n] [/e][,/root,object][[,/select],subobject]


     /n - Always open a new window (even if the specified folder is already open).

     /e - Use Windows Explorer view. The default is Open view.

     /root,object - Specify the object in the normal namespace that will be used as the root of this Windows Explorer Folder. Thedefault is to just use the normal namespace root (the desktop).

     /select - Specifies that the parent folder is opened and the specified object is selected. subobject - Specify the folder to receive the initial focus unless /select is used. The default is the root.

     Windows Explorer Examples (1)To open a window rooted at \\myserver so you can easily browse the whole server, but nothing else: explorer /e,/root,\\myserver (2) To open a folder window on C:\WINDOWS (or make an open window active) and select CALC.EXE,StartUpxplorer /select,c:\windows\calc.exe

     ---- Steve,mdixon@.djplatt@,MaryOB@

    11. Create icons for each folder on the desktop?

    Make a directory (folder) called AllFolders and drag all your folders off the desktop in t to it. Now, with the right mouse button drag each individual folders back to the desktop. When the menu pops up choose "create shortcut here". You will then have a shortcut to your individual folders and can choose any icon by Right Mouse clicking on the shortcut and selecting properties ...

    12. Print a document to a file? Drag & Drop Printing?

    Just right click on printer's icon in My Computer \ Printers and choose FILE: in Properties \ Details \ "Print to the following port" (normally LPT1).

     "How Do I" do non-associated Drag-and Drop printing in Win95. I wish to print files that I know to be ASCII in nature without having to specifically associate them with an application (what I want is the Win95 version of "type [filename] >prn" - ala D'n'D).

     1. Just create a DOS batch file, mine's called PRT.BAT with the single line "copy %1 lpt1: /b > null" The /b is for a binary copy if you're planning on sending pre-formatted print files to the printer (i.e. FOO.PRN which consists of PCL code or PostScript code) Omit the /b if you're just going to type the files to the printer.

     2. Then create an MSDOS shortcut and fill in the full path to this batch file for "Cmd line:" under the Program tab.

     3. Change the icon to look like one of the Windows 95 printers. Now you can drag any file onto this shortcut and it will go straight to the printer.

     I have implemented this tip which sends a file directly to the printer without passing GO and without collecting $200. My shortcut's sitting on the desktop near my recycle bin and I've changed the icon to one of the printer icons. Then all I do it dump a print-ready file onto it and that's that. No opening applications, no messages, nothing. It just prints, but only one file at a time, please. Cheers, Mike

    13. NOT Save desktop settings on shutdown?

    In order to allow Win95 NOT to save settings on exit, you first have to run POLEDIT.EXE directly from the Installation CD Rom or to run it after you install it on your computer. it is located under \Mig_kit\Adm95\Apptools\Poledit in built 490 and under \Admin\apptools\Poledit in built 347.

    To install the policy editor; \ - Open up the 'Add/Remove Programs" Icon in control panel, - Select Windows setup and click on "have a disk", \ - Select "Browse" and choose your CD Drive letter\ - Then choose "\Mig_kit\Adm95\Apptools\Poledit",\ - Highlight the "Poledit.inf" file,\ - Click OK until your are back to the control panel window.\ the Policy editor shortcut icon is by default in system tools. Now:\ - run the policy editor, \ - select file and then "Open registry", \ - double click on "local user",\ - navigate the tree as follows: Local User > Shell > Restrictions \ - under the shell restriction, set "Don't save setting at exit" \ so that it has a check mark. - click OK\ - click file and then save the registry.

    14. Make a copy of a file?

    Highlight the file to be copied.\ Press together CONTROL key & C (letter C)\ Move your cursor to where you want the copy to be. \ Press together CONTROL key & V (letter V for "paste")

    15. Do a DISKCOPY from A: to A:

    The capability is on the Right Click menu. Right click on the drive icon, and select "Copy Disk"

    16. Automatically close parent folder?

    When opening folders using the "My Computer" route, is it possible to close the parent window automatically when opening a folder within a folder?

     Select View, Options and then within the Folder section select the radio button for 'Browse folders by using a single window that changes as you open each folder' ---Steve


    Hold down the shift key and use the "X" box to close the LAST window you opened; all the other parent windows will close with it. ---Phil

    17. Create Cascading Desktop Menus from START taskbar?

    Create new cascading menus off the Start Taskbar. An example: In the Start Menu folder in your Windows 95 folder, create a new folder and name it, exactly: Control Panel.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}

     (All on one line, must include the ".", the curly braces, all four hyphens, and the hex numbers exactly as shown.)

    18. Desktop ICON Management?

    (a) Does anybody know how to make the icons on the desktop 'snap' to a grid. This is a really obvious feature that any many window managers have had for ages. The Arrange icons is useless cos it just put everything to one side and the straighten icons options only solves half the problem (which wouldn't be a problem if you have snap to grid). Right click desktop, click Line-up icons. It just lines them about that!-

     (b) Is it possible to get rid of the Icons for My Computer and Recycle Bin from the desktop? I don't use them, Explorer gives the same possibilities ...

     Get rid of ANY icon in 5 seconds - and get them back when you change your mind - in 3 seconds! -- without Poledit, regedit and whatever-edit! 0. Click right mouse button on the desktop. Select Arrange Icons. Uncheck "Auto Arrange". 1. Drag the My Computer (or Recycle Bin, or Network Neighborhood) icon to the lower edge of the screen. 2 Drag any other icon and place it above the icon you want to hide. 3. Press the left mouse button and drag a SELECTION RECTANGLE around both icons. Both icons will be highlighted. Release the left button. 4. Click on the upper icon and drag it -- and the lower icon with it -- downward until the lower icon disappears below the screen edge. Voila! 5. Click on desktop to remove the selection. Drag the upper icon to it's place.

     © To restore the hidden icons: Right click on desktop... Line up icons... Here you are! This way. Even for those who (like me) hates POLEDIT (once I played with it ... and *then* my mailbox got trashed... no, thanks). My record is 5 mouse clicks to hide the icon -- who wants to beat it? ---- PA

     (d) To set your Desktop Icons to Auto Arrange.... Right-click on the Desktop. Choose Arrange Icons. Then check on Auto Arrange.

    19. Change the bootup LOGO for win95?

    I don't know where the default is, but if you want to display your own logo as a bitmap simply create a bitmap no larger than 320x400 and no larger than 127k. Name it LOGO.SYS and place it in the root directory (c:\) NOT in the windows dir like the logos.sys and logow.sys shutdown screens. Your logo will display upon booting. NOTE: the progress thing across the bottom does not display while Windows 95 boots. That should do it.---Mike Dixon

    4. MS-DOS issues and Dual Boot Up issues

    1. Make more memory available to run DOS games?

    Try this new config.sys=.


     device=c:\windows\emm386.exe noems I=e000-efff

    highscan dos=high,umb


    Delete the words *RAM* and *AUTO* from the emm386 device line. Delete the reference to the page frame. Good Luck!

     >But, how can I get 600 conventional memory when I run a DOS session? I was having no problems before win95, but now I can't seem to get it no matter how bare bones I run. (this is "full" DOS session, like rebooting to DOS).

     After much pulling of hair, and threats to my computer, I found the following tip which helped free up conventional memory. Try adding the following lines to the top of config.sys:





    This freed up quite a bit of extra high memory in which to load drivers. I went from 562K conventional to 612K. Hope this helps.

    2. Safeguards for dual win95/DOS boots?

    Booting to an old DOS environment is handled in WIN95 by renaming the members of two sets of files in the root directory of the boot drive (C: in most cases). Initially, while running in Win95 environment the files are as follows:
      Win95 Files    File Sizes                DOS Files         FileSizes 
      ============   ===========    =============     ===========
      AUTOEXEC.BAT  Variable        AUTOEXEC.DOS    Variable
      CONFIG.SYS   Variable CONFIG.DOS        Variable
      COMMAND.COM   92,156        COMMAND.DOS       54,645
      IO.SYS       250,840               IO.DOS            40,774
      MSDOS.SYS     1,637                MSDOS.DOS         38,138
    During (after?) Power-on self-test (POST),if you press F4 to select DOS mode boot, the list of files (ABOVE)--on the left are all renamed to have the file extension 'W40 and those in the right column are renamed to have the extensions that had been on their counterparts in the left list. That is, the files then appear as follows:
      Win95 Files     File Sizes    DOS Mode Files File Sizes
      =============  ===========    ============== ===========
      AUTOEXEC.W40  Variable        AUTOEXEC.BAT   Variable
      CONFIG.W40    Variable        CONFIG.SYS     Variable
      COMMAND.W40   92,156                    COMMAND.COM    54,645
      IO.W40         250,840        IO.SYS         40,774
      MSDOS.W40     1,637                   MSDOS.SYS      38,138
    The above renaming sequence is reversed when you re-boot the PC after a DOS session, if you don't interrupt the reboot process (i.e., you don't press F4 again). In this way, the Win95 mode of operation is reestablished. Note that selecting 'Restart the Computer in MS-DOS Mode' is NOT the same as using F4 during POST. Instead you go into a 'Win95' version of DOS. You will in fact be running the 92 KB DOS command processor. And some programs (e.g., Colorado Tape for DOS) will still complain that it is being run in Windows, and refuse to load!! You should type EXIT to terminate this form of DOS session; you'll get the message that Windows is reloading!!

     One could also add a section about setting ATTRIB -R -H -S on MS-DOS.sys then edit in to add BOOTMULTI=1 in the OPTIONS section so you can hit F4 on StartUp. Additionally, could add BOOTMENU=1 to get menu every time. For more details on windows95 Start-Up, see 8.4 Start-Up Files

    3. Set up a win95/DOS dual system?

    Instructions can be found in Microsoft® Windows® 95 Resource Kit, Section 2; pages 38-43 Dual Booting with F4 key is turned on by default if one installs win95 to a clean directory

    4. Change default for Dual Bootup?

    It just takes a little work, and it's not even that difficult. Here's how I did it on my system (using info from Mike Dixon's Win95 QAID): Find the file "msdos.sys" (in root directory) -right click on the file, go to properties, and Uncheck the "read-only" box -right click on the file again, choose "open with...", and open the file (I used Notepad as an editor) -add lines or modify current lines to get the following:





     -Then just save the file, go back and make it read-only again, and it should work (provided you installed to allow multi-boot in the first place). As I understand it, BootMenu=2 makes the boot menu come up by default (you could otherwise reach it by pressing F8 on bootup), BootMulti=1 allows multi-boot. BootMenuDelay=1 sets a 1-second delay before the bootup resumes automatically using the (BootMenuDefault=8) number eight choice on the menu, which in the build that I'm using is the option for "previous version of MS-DOS".

     For me, this setup accomplished exactly what the original question suggested, namely an automatic boot into the old version of windows, with the option (if you're quick with the "1" key when the menu pops up) of booting to Win95 if you wish to do so. ---Andrew

    5. Specific HARDWARE & SOFTWARE Issues

    1. Unrecognized video card and updating drivers?

    My setup went fine, but the Hardware Wizard couldn't find my video card (a Advance Logic GUI-Ultra) or my monitor (15' Darius, had the manufacturer but not the model listed). As a result I have to use VGA settings, which limits me too 16 color and 640x480 resolution. Is there an alternative?

     This might rescue you from your 640 X 480 purgatory. I ran the automatic resolution changer that came with the video card, the one used with win 3.1. (It doesn't go through the setup program) So I selected my resolution and it prompted me to 'Restart Windows?' I thought that it would send me into the Win95 Restart screen but it didn't. It rebooted windows and came back in just fine at 1280 X 1024 @ 256c.

    2. Troubleshooting Tips?

    Look first for an answer in PROGRAM RELEASE NOTES; it includes discussion and 'fixes' for known hardware and software problems located in the following folder:

    C:\Windows\Readme (83 kb).


    If you have the CD-ROM (Preview Version), print a copy of the WINDOWS 95 (tm) Resource Kit's Table of Contents (26 pages) located in folder: cd-rom drive Letter\wrk95\chapters\RK0.toc.d.. The Resource Kit documentation offers extensive notes and technical discussion about various topics from:

    ------ TOPICS and chapters including Appendices --------

          Installation                          4  chapters 
          Networking and Remote Admin          12 chapters
          Security                               1 chapter
          Performance Tuning                     1 chapter
          System Configuration                   6 chapters
          Communications (modems, NET, etc)      7 chapters
          System Architecture and Registry      3 chapters
          Other References (one chapter each);
               International win95
               General Troubleshooting
               Glossary (16 pages)
               Command-Line Summary (51 pages)    'DOS' commands
               MS.BATCH.INF                       'BAT' files
    I printed the TOC, two SETUP chapters and pretty much all the chapters between 21 - 35 and selected appendices including the Command-Line Summary and it was about 1,000 pages. No, I haven't read them all -- just chapters or pages related to specific problems I had or had anticipated.

    3. Find 32-bit (win95 compatible) software and programs?

    The Best Windows95Software

    Windows 95 Software Archives


    4. Find a 32-bit Postscript Viewer?
    Try : and the directory is: /ghost/aladdin; the files are:
  --- the initialization files (required!) --- 32-bit ghostscript interpreter --- font collection 1 --- font collection 2


    for 16-bit windows and dos, you may also want to get
  --- ghostscript for dos -- 16bit ghostscript interpreter


    The viewer program for windows is --- /ghost/rjl/

    5. Find a (32-bit) 1.6 meg diskette utility?

    Copyqm - and you can get it from any simtel mirror in the /diskutil directory. Don't forget to set it for BIOS read sector (before you turn 50), not hardware sector read. :-)

     SimTel mirror ---->SimTel/msdos/diskutil/

    NOTE: This list was created on Fri May 19 17:54:18 EDT 1995 Some files may have been added or deleted since that date. See file SimTel/msdos/filedocs/areadme.txt for additional information. NOTE: Type B is Binary; Type A is ASCII

    Directory SimTel/msdos/diskutil/
    Filename    Type Length Date   Description
    =========   ==== ====== =====   ===================================== B   178493 941108 Dup. disks in one pass. Reads MS new DMF fmt.
    There is also a shareware utility called VGACOPY. It's a nice graphical interface and
    allows you to copy all kinds of formats, even diskcopy 1.2mb disks to 1.44, etc.I used it
    at the office to make backup copies of our Win NT 3.5 disks.  You can get the utility off
    of many BBS', AOL, and probably any other online service.
    I found WinImage ver2.0 Beta 4 in the WUGNET forum on CompuServe under the name WIMBTA.ZIP (257K)

    6. Find a 32-bit Text Editor?

    Where can I find a 32-bit text editor to handle any size file?

     I use a *Freeware* program that is delightful, comes either 16-bit or 32-bit, file size unlimited: All around great text editor!! called Programmer File Editor (PFE). It can be found at cica or a cica mirror -- file name is:

    7. EUDORA: stop receiving MS-EXCHANGE *.rtf attachments?

    Click SPECIAL menu \ click CONFIGURATION Make sure the "Auto Receive Attachment" box is not checked.

     EUDORA 2.x At 12:37 AM 7/23/95 -0400, Paul wrote: Regarding EUDORA, here's another option (at least in the registered version (2.1.1):

     - Under the attachments setting, select a directory to have them goto.

     - Check the "Delete Attachments when emptying trash" box

     So, by doing this, all the attachments will goto a separate directory and then get deleted when you delete the message if valid attachment, I just move it to another directory before delete the message it was contained in.

     EUDORA LITE (eudora 1.4) freeware users don't have an automated solution but there is a "kluge" DOS solution. -- select the SPECIAL menu, CONFIGURATION: -- click on "Auto Attachment Bar" C:\TEMP -- add a line to your AUTOEXEC.BAT using the SYSEDIT (Systems Tools win3.x) to DEL C:\TEMP\R*.*

    Confirmation can be passed automatically in a *.bat file (Use DELTREE /Y C:\TEMP\*.* if DOS 6.x and above or create a text file called Y.TXT with the first line being the character Y then a carriage return, and use DEL C:\TEMP\*.*<path\Y.TXT (substitute the location of Y.TXT for the word "path" here).


     Echo Y|del C:\Temp\*.*

     Works every time, & you don't have to worry about having deltree on the path.

     Most of the the *.rtf files begin with R (for RE:). You will still have to manually delete the other *.rtf files but at least there in TEMP directory. If your brave enough, add DEL C:\TEMP\*.* I did try this option but on boot up, DOS prompts for confirmation.

    I've created a directory called RTFtemp and turned back on eudora's auto attachment feature since the *.rtf files attachments are starting to increase again. Create a shortcut to RTFtemp and place on the desktop. Click on it. Edit. Select All. Delete.Good Luck!


    You apparently have not taken time to read the release notes under the Help menu in Netscape. I quote from:

     "Running the 32-bit version on Win95: If you get an error message "Netscape was unable to create network socket connection (Reason 10047)," it is probably because you are trying to run the 32-bit version of Netscape using a 16-bit winsock application. To run the 32-bit version of Netscape, you need a 32-bit winsock application. Win95 comes with a 32-bit TCP/IP stack, but you need to install it." ---Xiphias

    9. Windows95's Shareware & Freeware Goodies

    Eudora Lite

     (windows mail-reader program - freeware) File Date: 8/14/95


    McAfee VirusScan Version 2.2.5 (9508) (windows virus scanner) File Date: 8/17/95

    Craig's Connect Time Monitor, version 2.8.1 (freeware - timer to keep track of your time online -- upto 32 configurations) File Date: 8/19/95

    NetTerm 2.5 (win3.x & win95 compatible Unix telnet & BBS, zmodem emulation program) File Date: 8/19/95

    WS_FTP32, version 95.08.19 (free ftp client - 32 bit win95 compatible; new options incude .wav files) File Date: 8/19/95

    WinZip beta for Win95 (it is excellent)

    Lview (graphics program)

     Lview Pro can be ftp'd from (that's Lview "one" b) If you have Windows 95 or Windows NT (version 3.5 or higher) you could also try SnapShot 32. You can capture the entire desktop, a single window, or parts of a window as well as pull down menus and the cursor. It can be ftp'd from --- @ Judy Senecal (change the colors displayed in a help window ... The shareware app more control ( and old Win3.x 16bit will do the trick.) --- bc127@


     The information in this article applies to:

    - Microsoft Windows operating system versions 3.0, 3.0a, 3.1, 3.11

     - Microsoft Windows for Workgroups version 3.1, 3.11


     SUMMARY =======> You can change the color of Help jump terms, Help glossary terms, text that run Help macros, and selected text in Microsoft Windows by adding lines to different sections of the WIN.INI file, as follows:

     Highlighted text Section of WIN.INI Line to add


     Help jump terms [Windows Help] Jumpcolor=(R G B)

     Help glossary terms [Windows Help] Popupcolor=(R G B)

     Help macros [Windows Help] MacroColor=(R G B)

     Windows screens [colors] HighlightText=(R G B)

     The R, G, and B values are integers between 0 and 255 that specify the relative intensities of red, green, and blue. For example, the following turns the text bright blue: Jumpcolor=0 0 255 In this example, zero turns the red and green intensities off, and 255 turns the blue intensity to the brightest level. After you make the change in the WIN.INI file and save it, you can access the Program Manager, choose Help, then choose Contents. The color change you made appears. You do not have to exit and restart Windows to see your color change.

    MORE INFORMATION=====> The following table lists the default 16-color palette with the Line to add: White (JumpColor=255 255 255) Light Gray (JumpColor=192 192 192) Gray (JumpColor=127 127 127) Bright Red (JumpColor=255 000 000) Red (JumpColor=127 000 000) Bright Green (JumpColor=000 255 000) Green (JumpColor=000 127 000) Bright Blue (JumpColor=000 000 255) Blue (JumpColor=000 000 127) Yellow (JumpColor=255 255 000) Brown (JumpColor=127 127 000) Cyan (JumpColor=000 255 255) Aqua (JumpColor=000 127 127) Violet (JumpColor=255 000 255) Purple (JumpColor=127 000 127) Black (JumpColor=000 000 000) NOTE: If your video driver supports more than 256 colors, the jump colors may not displayed correctly. REFERENCES ==> WININI.WRI, Microsoft Windows for Workgroups version 3.11, Disk 3 (for 1.44MB and 1.2MB diskettes) and Disk 6 (for 720K diskettes) KBCategory: kbusage kbdisplay KBSubcategory: win30 win31 wfw wfwg winhelp Additional reference words: help text change color colors 3.00 3.0 3.0a 3.00a 3.1 3.10 highlighted highlight disability disabilities handicap accessibility Copyright Microsoft Corporation 1995. ----Stephane

    M$ PowerToys

     CabView (24kb, last updated: 8/16/95) Treat .CAB files like folders-- look inside, then drag files in and out with ease.

    CD AutoPlay Extender (18kb, last updated: 8/16/95) Make autoplay work on any non-audio CD-- get speedy access to the programs you want to use.

    Contents Menu (12kb, last updated: 8/16/95) Now you can get to your files without even opening their folders.

    Explore From Here (6kb, last updated: 8/16/95) Open the Explorer, rooted anywhere you want; this one's great over networks.

    FlexiCD (23kb, last updated: 8/16/95) Quick, convenient audio CD control-- from the taskbar.

    DPI (16kb, last updated: 8/16/95) Change DPI and bit depth from the taskbar... without rebooting!

    Round Clock (14kb, last updated: 10/20/94) A round analog clock... with no square window!

    Shortcut Target Menu (15kb, last updated: 7/20/95) Finally, you can get the properties for a shortcut's target just by right-clicking the shortcut.

    XMouse (7kb, last updated: 5/6/95)This one will make the focus follow your mouse without clicking-- just like X Windows!

    ==== POWER TOYS DESCRIPTIONS === IF YOU LIKE LETTING OTHER PEOPLE RUN YOUR LIFE go ahead and press that cute little button with the house on it... but if you're like the Windows95 Shell Development Team, you've got to have things your way, and it better be right now. For these guys, there can never be enough shortcuts for getting stuff done. They've come in late at night, night after night, when everyone else is sound asleep -- real programmers don't sleep -- and put together a set of tools: the PowerToys. They wrote 'em. We like 'em. We think you will, too. So if you're a Windows95 power-user, go ahead and try them out... but don't go crying to our Help Center if you get confused: there's no lifeguard on duty, so you're swimming at your own risk. Don't get us wrong -- they all do what they should -- but they are not part of Windows 95, and are not supported by Microsoft. So that's the story.

    10. M$ PowerToys for win95 Installation

    Installing the PowerToys

    ======================== 1.Create a folder for the PowerToys. Right-click on the desktop and choose New:Folder from the pop-up menu. Name the folder "Power". 2. Download the PowerToys. Click the link on the PowerToy page to download the file "PowerToy.exe". Save it in the Power folder you just created. 3. De-compress the file "PowerToy.exe". Open the Power folder and double-click the file "PowerToy.EXE". This will create several new files in your Power folder. 4. Install the PowerToys. Find the new Setup Information files ("INF" files -- they look like notepads with a little yellow gear on each). Right-click each one (one for each PowerToy), then choose Install.

    Uninstalling the PowerToys

    ========================== 1. Open the control panel. On the Start Menu, choose Settings->Control Panel. 2. Open "Add/Remove Programs". Find the Control Panel called Add/Remove Programs and double-click it. 3. Remove PowerToys. Select the PowerToy you want to uninstall on the list, then click the button marked "Add/Remove".

    11 Harddrive Performance and 32-bit mode (win95)?

    Since installing win95, I've noticed decreased performance.

     If your motherboard's bios supported Block Mode or 32-bit disk access, turn it off.It seems to conflict with either your hard drive controller or Windows 95 itself. I was also on the phone with Microsoft, until they finally gave up. I decided to turn off those two items, plus LBA mode, and everything is now at 32 bit disk access... No problems... I hope that work for ya.------ Zubin

    12. Changing the cd-rom drive letter in win95?

    Control Panel\System\Device Manager\CD-ROM\Properties\Settings....---chris@

    13. Bilingual keyboard settings?

    We have lots of bilingual keyboards called TBITS-5 keyboards. In order to work under DOS, you have to set the codepage to 850. Is there a facility to do that under Windows95? You need to add the following two lines to your AUTOEXEC.BAT:

     mode con codepage prepare=((850) C:\windows\COMMAND\ega.cpi)

     mode con codepage select=850 ---Christian

    14. Here's how to configure the speak.exe sound driver for Windows95.

    1: Get the speaker driver at 2: Run speak.exe to decompress it and make speaker.drv 3: Copy speaker.drv to \Windows\System 4: Add to SYSTEM.INI Under the drivers section, add a line that says Wave=speaker.drv And add a new section just like this


     CPU Speed=32




     Max seconds=0

     Leave interrupts enabled=0

     5: Save SYSTEM.INI. 6: Reboot/restart 7: Start Control Panel. Make sure no other programs are running. 8: Open Multimedia 9: Click on the "Advanced" Tab 10: Double click on Audio Devices, to open up Audio for Sound Driver for PC-Speaker 11: Click on Audio for Sound Driver for PC-Speaker 12: Click on Properties. 13: Click on Settings 14: You're now at the change speaker settings dialog box from Windows 3.1. Click on Default. 15: Adjust volume, Limit, & Enable interupts to you hearts delight. I hope this proves helpful. (again :-) Mark


     I am running PCAnywhere on Win95 at home and on Win3.1 at work. It work very well... no problems at all but for the black screen thing, there is a patch available for version 2.0 only.

    in directory /public/windows/pca: 20UP_A.EXE (777K 05/04/95): Update file for PCA 2.0 This file updates you to the latest revision of PCA 2.0 for Windows, and includes complete support for WIN95. ---,pauls, jharris@

    6. COMMUNICATIONS: modems, networking issues, Micro$oft Network (MSN), MS-EXCHANGE, MS-FAX

    1. Automated script function for Internet (dial-up adapter)?

    Will there be an automated script function for dial-up adpater? Not sure but there's a simple freeware scriptor called RoboDUN at


    2. MSN access troubleshooting?

    6.2.(a) I get a carrier tone to MSN and then it disconnects? If this is your first time, MSN is looking for special file which is incorrectly named on the hard drive. \My Computer \Program Files \Microsoft Network\VIEW\Options \click 'Show All Files' (also make sure 'Hide All Files in Registry' is not checked) \CLOSE RENAME 800950.dat to 800950.da_

    6.2(a).1 After renaming the above file, I am still unable to connect to MSN ... I had the same problem for awhile. I called Microsoft and they had me turn off the error correction; works fine now.

     6.2(a).2 This is in the FAQ now. Remove MSN thru the Control Panel, then reinstall. Next rename the file. I know this doesn't make any sense, but I've noticed with win95 ... try reinstalling it and it works more than half the time. I've even had something working right then all of the sudden it doesn't work. Go thru reinstall and it works again. Bad quirk. but hey it's a beta release right?

     __________________ (a.k.a:

    And you can find the entire win95-L FAQ 'mirrored" at his homepage (

    An Ascii copy of this FAQ is available at


    6.2(b) After downloading a file from MSN the file is deleted from my disk. If you are refering to text or documents, yes they are deleted. Notice that when you first view the file on line the path is 'WINDOWS\TEMP\FILENAME'. If you want to keep the file select 'Save as'and choose a new path.

    3. Remove the NETWORK NEIGHBORHOOD icon from desktop?

    I'm not in a shared workgroup environment. How can I remove the NETWORK NEIGHBORHOOD from my desktop? This is for stand alone computers, networked with SLIP or PPP, only! \ --Install and Run the System Policy Editor.(Its under admin\apptools\poledit.) \ --Select File|Open Registry \ --Double-click on 'Local User' Navigate the tree as follows: Local User Shell Restrictions \ Under the shell restrictions, set 'Hide Network Neighborhood' so that it has a checkmark. \ --Click OK --File|Save the registry.

    4. Stop MS-EXCHANGE from sending *.rtf binary attachments?

    In MS-EXCHANGE, push the button marked "Reply to All", instead of "Reply" and it MS-E uses the default settings in your address book. Verify the Properties setting by: Double click on the address in the TO: box of the reply. The Properties box should have a check box for rtf formatting. Make sure it is not checked. Derek Moyes

    FAQ Readers: this answer took 4 months to solve involving many proposed "work around" solutions and several mini-flame wars on win95-L. Derek finally uncovered the M$-Exchange secret to replying to others mail without sending those annoying rtf attachments. He received many well deserved 3 cheers from many on the mail list..

     How do I leave it off as the default? Try Tools-> Services ->Internet profile-> Properties__butten->- - - - - - -Messages Format Dialog Box

    One more suggestion: use Tools, Customize Toolbar to remove the "Reply to Sender" button from your toolbar icons. You can still do it through Compose menu, or just CTRL-R, but removing it from the toolbar will definitely remind you to use "Reply to All" which won't send RTF instead of "Reply to Sender" which will. Just a thought...Xiaphis

    RTF: specifies character sets and format of outgoing messages and unless you explicitely turn of rtf formatting in your outgoing messages, MS-ECHANGE messages are sent in two chunks: the plain text of the message, and the message MIME encoded in a file called WINMAIL.DAT (i think) attached to the message. WINMAIL.DAT contains the original message withhe colors, formatting and fonts used.

     Other MS-EXCHANGE stuff: I have changed my font from the ISO to ASCII but I still see the '=' as a soft return in the posts I have made to the list. I believe I tried disabling MIME at one point in the past and found that they went away. However, I do not want to lose MIME compatibility. Anyone have other ideas?

    Try pressing return when you reach the end of the screen in Exchange,rather than letting Exchange wrap it. Exchange puts in no hard line breaks, so your message comes out as one great big long string. Some mailers will wrap it for you and put '=' sign at the ends of the lines to let you know where the line break occurred. The '=' are not coming from Exchange.-- Colin

    5. Signature File for MS-EXCHANGE?

    Three ways to add a signature (make a sig file):

     (.5.1) Place your Signature file in the Exchange directory (folder). When you finish an e-mail message, click on Insert/file - the first time in a session you will need to navigate to the Exchange folder in the dialog box that comes up and then - click on your sig.file and make sure the Text only raised button is darkened in the lower left hand side. Press ok -- there is your sig.

     (.5.2) I think it's easier to create a sig file "message"and save it in an Exchange folder. Then when you want to include it in a new message, ust open the sig file "message," Edit/Copy it, return to new message, then paste it where you want it to appear.Two ways to add a sig is to make a sig file.

     (.5.3)There's another way. Get MailSig 1.7. MailSig adds a "Signature"entry to the Insert menu and even includes random taglines. --- MSgt Rocky

     Try CICA site or one of its mirrors.

    6. Modem String Initialization? Modem Statistics?

    I need to 'massage' my modem initialization strings; does anyone know where these are found? The apps I'm interested in are dial-up and MSN. Go into Control Panel\ Modems \ Select modem \ Click Properties \ click Connections tab, click on the Advanced button, look at the field, EXTRA and add in the string minus the AT.


     Go to startup/run type in regedit; do a search for the string "modem" f3 finds next f3 till you see the init string edit to your hearts content and save changes. mdodge@

    Modem Statistics

     Look in:


     (Don't go into "init").

    Near the bottom is a "Reset" key. Mine says "AT&F<cr>"

    My understanding is that Win95 sends this reset command whenever it hangs up, which is actually pretty handy. You could just try clearing it so that there is no command in the box. I have changed registry entries for my modem in the past and I wouldn't worry about your system crashing, however, Win95 has a sneaky way of fixing itself, so if there still is nothing in your modem after disconnect, check to be sure that the entry has not been put back in and executed. If it has, let me know, I may still have one more trick.

     Eureka! You're suggestion was right on the money. I looked at the reset key value, and while it said "ATZ<cr>" instead of "AT&F<cr>", I changed it to "AT<cr>" because, I think, the modem driver expects an "OK" back. In any case, when I disconnect and immediately run a terminal emulator that talks directly to the COM port, an ATI6 returns the link statistics of the last call. It hasn't changed it yet and I've made a couple of calls; it may on restart of Windows. This oughta be in the FAQ (That is if it's frequently asked and I'm not the only one who wants this info). BTW, by looking at modemlog.txt, Windows 95 hangs up by dropping DTR and then sending ATH. It sends an AT&F just before it dials anything. Thanx for your help. Colin

     OR =======

     An alternative to the above solution is Control Panel > -->Modems-->Diagnostics Tab. Then double click on the com port you desire > the info from then click "More Info" and it will give the output from > ATI0 to ATI6. This is an another way to get the result from ATI6.-- bob Sorry but you have to set your refresh rates in your autoexec.bat file (or manually form the dos prompt). MS didn't think we needed the capability from within win95 (TIC).___Alan J.

     Unfortunaely, some of the good stuff is truncated on the right, and there's no horizontal scroll bar. In any case, without changing the reset key value in the registry, Windows 95 always sends an ATZ down after any disconnect, resetting the modem, and wiping out the last link statistics. Windows 95 modem stuff needs better statistics than just connect time and characters sent/received.--- Colin

    7. MS-EXCHANGE and MIME ?

    Why doesn't MS-EXCHANGE just send MIME encoded binary attachments like everyone else? We don't know? <shrug> But we can't wait to see what happens after August 24th when all those *.rtf attachments are unleashed upon the world. :-)

     "MIME stands for Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions and is a standard set of definitions for non-ASCII" (non TEXT only) "email. The MIME standard specifies a way to include binary data attachments to Internet e-mail messages and way to encode binary data into 7bit form using ASCII characters and to convert back at the other end. The MIME standard supports word processing documents, PostScript, graphic, binary files, video, voice messanges and other message types. MIME allows for alternative representations of the same data. For example, there can be an attachment in text form followed by one containing bitmap" (graphics) "page images of the same information."

     <> The INTERNET GUIDE for NEW USERS. Daniel P. Dern.© 1994. McGraw-Hill <>

    8. Internet software (program) for win95?

    Can someone point me to the right place, please? I'm ready to get a SLIP/PPP account and get off of AOL for Internet access. I've read about different packages people use like Netscape, Free Agent, Eudora, QVTNET WinVN, WinFTP, etc. I'd like a definative list to get started.

     Wow! Will you get differences of opinion on this! My choices (today) would be:

     I liked Jim's win3.x choices but here our few more to consider for win95 and where to find them on the InterNET. The key (as with any software choice) is what do you want to do with it and what's your own "tolerance" levels? ;-)

     For Newsreader, if you want to minimize hourly connect charges, use FREE AGENT because it allows you read newsgroups off-line. Both FREE AGENT and WINVN decode, binary files (like *.gif graphics) after-downloading. Both are freeware but Free Agent has "more features" commerical version for $29. I do like NETSCAPE as a newsreader and use it often as such but the other two allow you to customize preferences, window screens, etc..

     While I consider myself computer literate and a computer professional, I've shied away from Exchange as a Mail Reader because I can't even figure out how to send a message much less receive one (and on this one, I refuse to RTFM). And, then, there's the "attachment" thing.

     I use EUDORA and from the beginning it was very "initutive" and easy to use without the instructions. Eudora also is freeware with a "More Features' commerical version for around $60. We've just purchased the commercial version of FREE AGENT which is suppose to have a full feature Mail Reader. If it's half as nice as the newsreader,I'll probably switch to Free Agent as my Mail Client as well.

     NETSCAPE is great, but its competitors are doing some nice things. My husband also uses a 3-D, Virtual Reality Browser called WORLDVIEW.

                          Jgoods *CHOICE*            Robin's **CHOICE **
                          =================     =================
    ** Dialer TCP/IP        Win 95's Dial-up     win95 Dial-up
    ** Web Browser          NETSCAPE 32-bit   NETSCAPE 32-bit
    (available free from List Group: Listserv@IRLEARN.UCD.IE Subscribe Netscape
    ** FTP                       WS_FTP32                WS_FTP32
    (available free from
    ** Newsreader             NETSCAPE 32bit        FREE AGENT
    FREE AGENT is both an Off-line & online news reader. Available for free from:
                                                                          WINVIN 32bit
    WinVIN available free from\pub\win3\winvn. TheWinVN Mailing List Group: email subscription request to:
    ** Mail client     MS-EXCHANGE               EUDROA Lite
                      & imail347(490)          
    (MS-EXCHANGE comes bundled with win95) EUDORA available free from\quest\windows. EUDORA Mailing List Group: email to: SUBSCRIBE.

    BTW, the Mailing List Group for the virtual reality (VRML) browser is email to: The VRML browser, WORLDVIEW, is currently is an unsupported Alpha version of with no no official support is offered and the web site is at

    9. How to set up MS-Exchange to send and receive mail only when told?

    Goto tools from the menu bar and choose services. Internet mail should be highlighted. Choose properties. The choose Connections. From here, make sure that the Work Off-Line and use remote mail is UNCHECKED. Then choose Schedule and set the time for 0. If you use a dial-up connection, select Connect by Network. This should a fix it.

    10. Sort & Filter mail with MS-Exchange?

    If you use the "Remote Mail" function, there is a simplified filtering available for filtering the headers, but what I have done in Exchange is to insert the "To" column as the first column in my INBOX folder. This basically sorts out personal mail, and each of the mailing lists individual mail. I have created individual folders for each of the main topics and mailing lists I follow. I then have to manually move the messages from the INBOX to the individual folders. I also have separate individual folders under the main topics for TO READ and SAVED. So the tree might look like this:

     Microsoft Exchange

     +--Mail Folder

     +--Deleted Items



     +--Sent Items



     | +--To Read

     | +--Saved


     +--To Read



     Changing the columns is under VIEW. I readily admit that this is a poor excuse for filtering, but it is the best I have been able to come up with in Exchange. It does make it easier to cope with the 200 - 400 messages I get every day from the several mailing lists I follow. I hope this helps.--- David

    11. MS-Exchange: stop sending "=" Ascii soft returns?

    7. NETIQUETTE (do's and don'ts of Internet)

    1. Using Keywords in the Subject Line?

    What are the Capitalized Abbreviations used on mailing list messages and some USENET messages in the Subject Line? Topic Keyword usage in the subject line helps the readersort through messages faster (for deletion, 'catchup thread', saving or reading). Many automated mailing list servers can sort up to 11 different topics allowing users to subscribe only to those messages for a specific topic. The keywords recommended for the WIN95 'Give and Take' email list forum are:

     ADMIN: ------> Adminstrative posting to List Owner or a newsgroup procedure

     BACKUP: ------> backup issues and questions

     BUGS; -----> windows95 bugs (errors)

    COMM: ----->. communications (modem, Internet, fax)

     DESKTOP: -----> comments questions about win95 desktop options

    EXCHANGE: -----> Micro$oft Exchange Mail Program

    HARDWARE: -------> hardware issues

     INSTALL: ------> setup issues and questions

     MSN: -------> Micro$oft Network

     NET -----> networking related issues

     OTHER: -----> General interest or 'FYI'--for your information

     WISH: -------> features would like included in win95 or could have been done better

     For groups like WIN95, with different versions (builds) of the same product all called win95, it is helpful to readers to specify the verison number (i.e. build 347, build m8, or preview; build 490 June Test Relase) This also applies to other software with different releases such as WordPerfect for WINDOWS version 6.1 (Wpwin6.1)

    2. Netiquette (the do's and don't of Internet communciations)

    1. Given the multinational nature of the Internet where English is a second language for many posters (email writers). If you take offense to the grammar or spelling of a message, please take into consideration the poster's origin. Please do not insult or flame a person whose grasp of the English language is lacking. They deserve credit for the effort to post in a foreign language as well as the knowledge they have to provide to the group's discussion.

     2. Newsgroups are set up to make public any message posted. If you wish to make a private comment, you must ensure that you reply to the original author of the message (the individual email address of the person in the 'From:' header field) rather than to the newsgroups itself.

     3. It is recognized that quoting messages is sometimes important in order to preserve context. However, please limit your quoting to that which is absolutely necessary to the reply to the thread (Subject) -- and PLEASE delete all header lines if your mailer includes them.

     4. Discussions that compare competing software such as other rating systems/shells (such as OS/2 vs Windows 95) are not permitted as a general rule in comp.* newsgroups and many mailing list related to computer topics. The exception are the comp. * .ADVOCACY groups and alt.* groups. Keep postings relevant to the newsgroup or email list's stated Topic.

     5. Please DO NOT post transcriptions of reviews or articles from copyrighted publications--even if they relate to a discussion taking place. You can always cite the article in question so others can look it up.

    6. Please do not post Commercial advertisements or any other postings not germane to the subject of the newsgroups.

     7. Newsgroups related to the discussion of Micro$oft Windows© products have 'ms-windows' in their title. Please do not post windows95 discussions to groups like and These are for non Micro$oft products that use a similar GUI (graphical user interface).

     8. Use "smileys" to show emotion or "tone down" wording. Basic Smileys are used to make statement since we can't hear voice inflection over email

    :-) (SMILE) Writer is joking, smiling (sometimes Laughing Out Loud(LOL))

    ;-) Wink smiley. Writer says, "don't hit me for what I just said." Writer just made a cynical or sarcastic remark.

     :-( Frowning smiley. Writer did not like that last statement or is upset or depressed about something.

     :-I Indifferent smiley. Writer "shrugging"

     :-0 Yawn smiley. Writer is bored with the conversation


    9. Limit your total Signature (Tag) lines. Your Signature shouldn't take up more lines than the average (short 5- 10 line) post (message). Use hard returns if necessary so the number of characters per line doesn't exceed 65-70 characters per line. Many Internet readers do not use software that automatically adjust the line length to the width of the screen. Were to find the ASCII Art for your Tag line:

    ASCII Art:
    click on ART at

     Scott Yanoff's Internet Connections List:


    1. Animated Cursors?

     Ok folks, this is how you get animated cursors to work. First pick the cursors that have the green top and bottom. These are animated and will be a good test to see if they work on your system. You monitor must be at least 800X600 Resolution with 256 Colors.Then you select the green hourglasses and pick apply from 'file manager'.Click, ok. They should (ducking) work! I went through the above procedure.If you are not sure where to select the cursors, There in the control panel, then double click on the mouse. Update animated cursors in the Pointers Tab (screen)! My Computer\Control Panel\Mouse\Pointers tab Good luck. Where can I find more animated cursors? Try this: it's big, but has ALOT of cursors....

     Does anyone know why various animated Icons move when I select them in the properties "New Icon" window, but fail to animate on by desktop after I click on "Okay" to close the window??? You have something hooked up to your system, probably a hard drive, still in"real mode" dos compatability. Its not being driven by 32 bit drivers. Look in your Control Panel, Click on System, and click on the performance tab.

    2. System Resources Monitors?

    The Systems Monitor must be installed from the CD-ROM: MyComputer\Control Panel\Add.Remove Programs\Windows Setup\Disk Tools. on the CD: There is also a Resources Monitor that displays FREE (available) System Resources, User Resources and GDI Resources. System Resources Definitions from the Micro$oft Windows©95 Resource Kit

     File System:=====================

    Bytes read/second ... read from the file system/sec Bytes written/second ... written to the file system/sec Dirty data ... .Number of bytes waiting to be written to disk. (Dirty data is stored in cache blocks, so the number reported may be larger than the actual number of bytes waiting) Reads per second ... read operations delivered to the file sytem/sec Writes per second ... write operations delivered to the file system/sec


     IPX Packets Lost/sec .. received from an IPX network and ignored IPX Packets Received/sec ... packets received from an IPX network/sec IPX Packets Sent/sec ... packets sent to an IPX network Open Sockets ... number of free sockets. Routing Table Entries ....number of IPX interworking routes known. SAP Table Entries ... number of service advertisements known. SPX Packets Received/sec ... number of packets received from ... SPX Packets Sent/sec ... number of packets sent to SPX


     Processor Usage (%) approximate % of time the processor is busy Threads number of threads present in the system. Virtual Machines current number of virtual machines present in the system.

     Memory Manager (VMM32):===========================

     Allocated memory the total amount of allocated memory in bytes.Discards Pages discarded each second. Disk Cache Size urrent size of the disk cache in bytes. Free Memory the total amount of free memory in bytes Instance Faults number of instance faults each second. Locked Memory amount of allocated memory that is locked. Maximum Disk Cache Size largest size possible for a disk cache.Minimum Disk Cache Size smallest size possible for a disk cache. Other Memory amount of allocated memory that is not stored in the swap file for example, memory mapped files, in pageable memory, and disk cache pages.Page Faults the number of page faults each second. Page-ins the number of pages swapped into memory/second.Page-outs number of pages swapped out of memory/second.Swapfile Defective The number of bytes in the swap file that are found to be physically defective on the swap medium. Because swap file frames are allocated in 4000-byte blocks, a single damaged sector causes the whole block to be marked as defective.Swapfile In Use number of bytes being used in the current swap file. Swapfile Size The size of the current swap file in bytes. Swappable MemoryThe number of bytes allocated from the swap file Locked pages still count for the purpose of this metric.

     Microsoft Client for NetWare Networks ===================================

     Burst Packets Dropped Number of burst packets lost in transit. Burst Receive Gap Time Interpacket gap for incoming traffic, in microseconds. Burst Send Gap Time Interpacket gap for outgoing traffic, in microseconds.Bytes in Cache Out of data, in bytes, currently cached by the redirector. Bytes Read per Second Bytes read from the redirector per second. Bytes Written per Second Bytes written to the redirector per second. Dirty Bytes in Cache Amount of dirty data, in bytes, currently cached by the redirector and waiting to be written. NCP Packets Dropped Number of regular NCP packets lost in transit. Requests Pending Number of requests waiting to be processed by the server.

     Microsoft Network Client (Client for Microsoft Networks):==========

     Bytes Read Per Second The number of bytes read from the redirector each ,second Bytes Write Per Second The number of bytes written to the redirector each second Numberer of Nets Number of networks currently running. Open Files Number of open files on the network. Resources Number of resources. Sessions N umber of sessions. Transactions Per Second The number of SMB transactions managed by redirector each second.

     Microsoft Network Server (File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks):

     Buffers number of buffers used by the server. Bytes ReadThe total number of bytes read from a disk.Bytes Written The total number of bytes written to a disk. Memory The total memory used by the server. NBs Server network buffers. Server Threads The current number of threads used by the server. Bytes/Second The total number of bytes read from, and written to a disk.

     Interesting, if not entirely useful._____________________________us000636@_

    3. START taskbar placing everything on desktop?

    This is the result of deleting the startup folder (subdirectory). Look for the {windows}\desktop\programs\startup directory. If it is not there, Win95 goes nuts, so add it back. The problem is a deleted StartUp folder. When this happens the system defaults to using the root of the c: drive as the StartUp Folder. This I know because I have been experiencing the same problem. The problem comes in with trying to create a new StartUp folder that Win95 will recognize as a StartUp folder.

    4. Startup Files? Also See 8.3 above

    Date: Wed, 16 Aug 1995 15:46:19 -0400 To: Multiple recipients of list WIN95-L

     I wrote the following for my own use but decided to share it withthis list. Some you may object that this is to lengthy (200lines) to be posted to the list. My feeling is that if I announced the existence of the document without including the text there would have been more traffic on the list with members saying please send or please post. I do not have ready access to an FTP host on which to place this file. I have posted in plain text to reduce the size.


     Windows 95 -- What happens at boot-time Bill Wilder: Last-updated: 16-Aug-95 (W.D.W.)

     Introduction & important disclaimers

     These are my guesses as to the start behaviour of Windows 95 based on observation, experimentation (primarily with Preview build 490) and some perusing of the W95 resource- kit. I have no special information sources. I do welcome any politely offered criticisms, corrections and suggested improvements to this document. Users that need additional detail should refer to Microsoft or other materials. The intent of this document is to describe normal startup as well as special cases -- previous DOS or single MS-DOS mode.


     Installation of W95 rewrites the boot sector of the active partition so W95 gets control on startup -- it also renames DOS startup files: IO.SYS becomes IO.DOS and MSDOS.SYS becomes MSDOS.DOS. CONFIG.SYS becomes CONFIG.DOS and AUTOEXEC.BAT becomes AUTOEXEC.DOS. A new binary file IO.SYS becomes the boot file and the file MSDOS.SYS is rewritten as a hidden/system text file that can be edited to control W95 boot behaviour.

     In the absence of any special options, a reboot of your machine does a normal W95 startup which includes the startup of the GUI environment. The details of the startup are typically hidden behind a logo screen. If you press the ESCAPE key when the logo is displayed, W95 will switch back to a text screen which shows some startup details. Setting option Logo=0 in MSDOS.SYS will prevent the logo display.

     A normal W95 startup does process CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT if present. There is an implicit start to the GUI environment after AUTOEXEC.BAT has been processed. MSDOS.SYS option BootGUI=0 will prevent the GUI startup and leave you at the command prompt (where the command WIN will then start the GUI).

     N.B. If you set BootGUI=0, you will load the real- mode portions of W95 and the W95 command processor -- this is similar to but not the same as booting the previous DOS version (more on old DOS later). Note also that it is necessary to load the GUI in order to use all the protected mode drivers W95 provides (e.g. 32-bit caching, 32-bit network access etc.).

     W95 loads some device drivers whether specified in CONFIG.SYS or not (e.g. HIMEM, IFSHLP, DRVSPACE and SETVER). The user may edit CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT as before to increase environment space or load additional real-mode device drivers or TSRs from AUTOEXEC.BAT. You may also add entries to CONFIG.SYS to specify parameters for the drivers that W95 will load in any case. There is an implicit DOS=HIGH but EMM386 is not loaded implicitly and hence DOS will not automatically have access to Upper Memory Blocks. W95 will productively use those UMB's for it's own purposes. Depending on the number of real-mode drivers/TSR's you need, you may wish to add EMM386 to CONFIG.SYS, use upper memory blocks for your purposes and leave W95 to allocate needed buffers elsewhere.

    Intervention at Startup

     The user can intervene at startup using special keystrokes. After the message Starting Windows 95 is displayed, a user can press F8 to display a menu of startup options. If you would always like to see this menu, set MSDOS.SYS option BootMenu to 1. Menu choices include Normal Startup, Command Prompt only, Step-by-step confirmation, various safe startup options and an option to load the previous DOS version (the last option will only be present when option BootMulti=1 is also present).

     Keystroke Shift-F8 automatically selects step-by-step confirmation. I recommend you use that option a few times to get a clearer view of the startup process -- you may also wish to invoke the option "Logged" which creates a BOOTLOG.TXT file in the root directory containing lots of interesting status.

     Keystroke F4 will automatically boot the previous DOS version. QEMM Note.

     If you use QEMM's DOS-UP facility, QEMM does a mini-reboot that will force you to press F4 twice to complete a boot of your previous DOS version.

    Booting previous DOS version.

     Recall that BootMulti must be set to one. Booting the previous DOS version will allow you run your previous Windows version provided that W95 was not installed on top of that Windows version. If you press F4 during startup, or otherwise select previous DOS from the startup menu, W95 startup will rename files as needed to complete a boot of the previous DOS version. Specifically (the order of renaming is not as listed, but the effect becomes):

     CONFIG.SYS renamed to CONFIG.W40




    CONFIG.DOS renamed to CONFIG.SYS




    The system then boots DOS as before. Note that there is no form of DOS shutdown. Hence when the system next reboots (Control-Alt-Delete or reset) the file renaming will still be in effect. Since the boot sector always starts up W95 initially, W95 must be able to undo the file renames above to accomplish a W95 startup.

     MS-DOS mode:

     There are two forms of MS-DOS mode which are distinct from loading a previous DOS version. In one you can specify a CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT -- invoking this mode will cause a reboot as described below. You can also specify an MS-DOS mode that uses the current configuration (described in following section). W95 allows you to launch DOS applications in a DOS box (separate virtual machine) just as previous versions of Win 3.x configured for 386 enhanced mode did. In addition, you can now create PIF files that allow you to run applications in MS-DOS mode. You no longer use PIFEDIT to edit these files -- when you edit the properties of a DOS application (right-click), W95 will create/update the PIF file as needed. You may specify an advanced property called MS-DOS mode. Within each such PIF you can custom configure a CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT so W95 becomes a means to launch various custom real-mode environments. Double-clicking such an MS- DOS mode icon will rename bootup files (CONFIG.SYS becomes CONFIG.WOS, AUTOEXEC.BAT becomes AUTOEXEC.WOS and new CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files are written from contents of the PIF file). The system then reboots and processes these files. Note that you do not invoke your previous DOS version in this case -- you continue to boot W95 but the real-mode portion only.

     W95 prefixes a DOS=SINGLE to the CONFIG.SYS you create (meaning reasonably obvious, but I've found no documentation) and also adds a special command to the end of AUTOEXEC.BAT. which is "WIN /W". I've found no documentation for the /W switch but the effect is to undo the file renames setup for MS-DOS mode so that a subsequent reboot will continue to load W95 normally. If you abort/reboot your DOS session prior to the WIN /W command, then you will continue to bootup in your MS-DOS mode.

     N.B. If you have BootMenu=1 in MSDOS.SYS then take care to request a Normal startup when the menu is displayed upon the reboot done for MS-DOS mode -- that will process the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT placed there from the PIF file.MS-DOS Mode with current configuration.

     In this mode you do not specify CONFIG.SYS nor AUTOEXEC.BAT within the PIF file. This mode causes a Windows GUI shutdown with W95 retreating to real-mode. W95 does leave a stub in memory so that an EXIT command will cause a W95 GUI restart. In retreating to real-mode, W95 will run DOSSTART.BAT if found in the W95 directory. Launching this form of PIF file is the same as selecting Shutdown from the Start button and specifying "Restart the computer in MS-DOS mode" but the term "Restart" here does not imply a reboot.


     I hope you've found this information helpful. I do not guarantee the accuracy and certainly appreciate any corrections. Please see my e-mail address at the beginning of the document.

    5. Creating Shortcuts to other files and programs?

    How do you create a shortcut to a specific file or folder to the desktop icons? Open the Desktop OBJECT (double click)Select the application ICON\Right Mouse Click\Create Shortcut Drag Shortcut to desktop or another desktop folder To make a shortcut to a document My Computer\... to the document\Right Mouse Click\Creat Shortcut Drag Shortcut ICON to where ever you would like

    6. Find files or directories using a Text String?

    START taskbar \ FIND \ Folders/Files \ enter text string \FindNow button EXPLORER \ TOOLS \ FIND \ ...

    7. Micro$oft Plus Pack?

    - Drivespace 3 (utilities)

     - System Agent (more utilities)

     - Internet Jumpstart Kit

    (Additional tools beyond the PPP/SLIP and tcp/ip, 32bit winsock included in win95)

    (PPP, MS Exchange POP/SMTP provider, MS WWW browser)

     - Desktop Themes

     - Dialup Networking Server

     - 3D Pinball

     - Visual Enhancements


    8. Full Window Drag (i.e. ILoveBunny)?

    When resizing windows, instead of seeing an outline of the frame, the whole thing sizes in real-time. This is called Visual Enhancements in the PlusPack.

    9. Reduce swap file (virtual memory on the hard-drive)?

    From time to time win95 build 347 comes up with the following message: "Not enough space on your C drive. So I start up in "command prompt" and delete the swp. file. When I reboot, everything is fine, until a few days later the problem is back again.

     I had a similar problem in with build 347. My solution came from a newsgroup answer. Click:My Computer \ Control Panel \ System \ Performance tab \ Virtual Memory tab \ Click "Let me specify my own virtual memory settings." \ Set the maximum.\ Close

     The formula given was subtract the amount of RAM from the 32 or 30. (For instance 32 - 8 meg = 24). Set maximum to 24.The formula's author rationale was if your desktop applications need more than 30 meg of ram something else is seriously wrong.I also set the maximum under 490 when I realized Netscape was hogging all the free space on my harddrive. Good Luck!

    10 Can someone tell me what quickview is?

    Simply an app that can view many types of files. You can therefore view documents quickly before wasting the time to open the app that created it, just to find that that document wasn't the correct one. --- Glenn

    11. DESKTOP settings?

    Save the layout of your desktop?

     Control Panel:Passwords:check box for seperate users

     Right mouse button (on desktop), properties, appearance, Item ---> choose Icon spacing... ----Le Bel

     Restore layout? Thanks to every body who give a solution about the way to get the desk back. IN short, 3 solution has been provided.----Nicolas

     (1)----Seth: Right click on the start button in the taskbar, select explorer and the item explorer will be displayed with icons like on the desk. Ilike very much this solution

     (2)---JB Peterson,Jim Good: Right click on taskbar (between icons) and "Minimize all windows"

     (3)----Kermit: Add a shortcut on the Desktop folder to the start menu

    12. To turn off autoplay for audio CD's?

    1. Open My computer 2. Select Options/View/File Types 3. Select Audio CD from list 4. Select edit to edit Audio CD 5. From list of actions, Remove open --- Glenn

    13. My Computer, the desktop & Start Menu - some basics?

    Actually, the Start menu is an actual series of directories and files. In Explorer, go to Windows/Start Menu and you'll find a hirearchy of folders and shortcuts (.LNK files) which exactly matches the hirearchy of cascading menus found under the Start button, minus a few system supplied features like the help, find file, settings, and documents commands. If you wanted to, you could actually put an .EXE on the start menu instead of a shortcut, and if you deleted it you would lose the .EXE. So here the difference between Win 3.1 is that Program Manager kept track of icons with entries in binary .GRP files, while Win95 uses actual files and directories (its just that the actual files are really pointers to the real app, like a Macintosh alias or a UNIX symbolic link).

     > -Do directories appear as folders?

     Yes, and the New Folder command is the same as MD from a DOS prompt.

     > -Does a deletion under My Computer actully delete it from the hard drive, or just the My Computer Icon?

     Yes, but it won't get deleted until you empty the Recycle Bin, unless you disabled the Recycle Bin.

     > -Does every file on my hard drive show up under the My Computer Structure?

     Yes, every single one of them. The "My Computer" shell is a very direct link to your hard drive, just another representation of the Explorer. It's more similar to File Manager than Program Manager, so don't delete anything you mean to keep. The Star Menu is merely a collection of links or PIFs, but everything in your drives under "My Computer" is very real.

    > -Does a deletion under My Computer actully delete it from the hard


     What you see is what you get (no pun on WYSIWYG intended - okay slightly) My Computer is exactly that!!! Your desktop is actually a directory under Windows (which houses My computer). Microsoft has had a great attempt at making a bit of symbolism. You have a desk. What sits on that desk? (physically in real life as well): 1. Your computer 2. Your unfiled papers (and in my case a stack of unfinished work) 3. A rubbish bin (that sits on the floor my in a simple model like this I will shove it onto the desk). Your desktop in Windows 95 is supposed to be like this, and is. In you computer physically is a floppy, an HDD and CDROM etc In your My computer in Windows 95, the same can be found with additions. Control panels, printers etc are also there. Now hopefully, after you realise this, you can guess that inside you HDD both physically and in the Windows 95 metaphor, are files. And you don't need a prize to work out that if you delete the files using the Windows 95 metaphor (which is well worn off after you get the general idea) you DO DELETE THEM.

     ----- / Glenn \

    9. Reserved for future use
    10. Reserved for future use



    Thanks to all the contributors who responded to windows95 questions for FAQ versions 1.x - 4.x and FAQ version 5+ are noted following the answer: Al Arm, Mary, colin, Dr.A.POIRSON ,Clyde ,colin, Chris,RussHersch ,rymabry@,APC@, csierber@, rhilgen@, bchildress@, sangria@, betsys@, jimgood@, support@MO.NET,rymabry@, HOLDEN@, us000636@, rosss@, rymabry@, bchildress@, mackmc@, ausdoc@, clai@, csewell@, tomas@, _Meyer@, us000636@, mdixon@, rymabry@, rymabry@, justinr@, cloiii@, mdixon@, jharris@, rymabry@, aleitch@, fitzpatrick@, nmmaher@, jmp@, bchilddress@, mdixon@, rmabry@, csewell@, knopf@, rssmith@, -Archer@, edjones@, osborne@, eshin@, tlajib@, markd@, M_Dodge@, dimas@, HOLDEN@, paulham@, jimgood@, markd@, rymabry@, rosss@, rymabry@, jak7@, bsiverly@, bsiverly@, chmillig@, us000636@, t_Meyer@, WIN95-L et al,rymabry@, bsgd65b@, mdnoonan@, aleitch@, jimgood@, tlajib@ and of course, a special thank you to the the family at Robin's Nest (Rick and the Markmeister).


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    Win95-L Windows95 FAQ COPYRIGHT © 1995, 1999  by Robin Y. Mabry-Hubbard
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    win95-L Windows©95 FAQ  published August 1995

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